Outcome Assessments

Baseline and Post-Test Instruments

Dysfunctional Beliefs about Sleep Questionnaire

  • Espie, C. A., Inglis, S. J., Harvey, L., & Tessier, S. (2000). Insomniacs’ attributions: Psychometric properties of the Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes about Sleep Scale and the Sleep Disturbance Questionnaire. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 48, 141-148.

Engagement in Meaningful Activities

  • Eakman, A. M. (2012). Measurement characteristics of the Engagement in Meaningful Activities Survey in an age-diverse sample. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 66(2), e20-e29. doi:10.5014/ajot.2012.001867

EPWORTH Sleepiness Scale

  • Johns, M. W. (1991). A new method for measuring daytime sleepiness: The Epworth Sleepiness Scale. Sleep, 14(6), 540-545.

Insomnia Severity Index (ISI)

  • Bastien, C. H., Vallieres, A., & Morin, C. M. (2001). Validation of the Insomnia Severity Index as an outcome measure for insomnia research. Sleep Medicine, 2, 297-307.

Mindful Attention Awareness Scale

  • Brown, K. W., & Ryan, R. M. (2003). The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(4), 822-848. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.84.4.822

Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ) Depression Scale

  • Kroenke, K., Spitzer, R. L., & Williams, J. B. W. (2001). The PHQ-9: Validity of a brief depression severity measure. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 16(9), 606-613

Perceived Stress Scale

  • Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 24(4), 385-396.

Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Addendum for PTSD

  • Germain, A., Hall, M., Krakow, B., Shear, M. K., & Buysse, D. J. (2005). A brief sleep scale for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index Addendum for PTSD. Anxiety Disorders, 19, 233-244. doi:10.1016/j.janxdis.2004.02.001

PROMIS Ability to Participate in Social Roles and Activities

  • Hahn, E. A., DeVellis, R. F., Bode, R. K., Garcia, S. F., Castel, L. D., Eisen, S. V., . . . Cella, D. (2010). Measuring social health in the patient-reported outcomes measurement information system (PROMIS): Item bank development and testing. Quality of Life Research, 19, 1035-1044. doi:10.1007/s11136-010-9654-0

PROMIS Pain Interference

  • Cella, D., Riley, W., Stone, A., Rothrock, N., Reeve, B., Yount, S., . . . Hays, R. (2010). Initial adult health item banks and first wave testing of the patient-reported outcomes measurement information system (PROMIS) network: 2005-2008. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 63(11), 1179-1194. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2010.04.011

PROMIS Satisfaction with Participation in Social Roles

  • Hahn, E. A., DeVellis, R. F., Bode, R. K., Garcia, S. F., Castel, L. D., Eisen, S. V., . . . Cella, D. (2010). Measuring social health in the patient-reported outcomes measurement information system (PROMIS): Item bank development and testing. Quality of Life Research, 19, 1035-1044. doi:10.1007/s11136-010-9654-0

PROMIS Sleep Disturbance

  • Yu, L., Buysse, D. J., Germain, A., Moul, D. E., Stover, A., Dodds, N. E., . . . Pilkonis, P. A. (2012). Development of short forms from the PROMIS sleep disturbance and sleep-related impairment item banks. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 10, 6-24. doi:10.1080/15402002.2012.636266

PTSD Checklist Civilian Version 6 Item

  • Lang, A. J., & Stein, M. B. (2005). An abbreviated PTSD checklist for use as a screening instrument in primary care. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 43, 585-594. doi:10.1016/j.brat.2004.04.005

Generalized Anxiety Disorder Screener (GAD)

  • Löwe, B., Decker, O., Müller, S., Brähler, E., Schellberg, D., Herzog, W., & Herzberg, P. Y. (2008). Validation and standardization of the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Screener (GAD-7) in the general population. Medical care, 46(3), 266-274.

 

Screening Instruments

Insomnia Severity Index

  • Bastien, C. H., Vallieres, A., & Morin, C. M. (2001). Validation of the Insomnia Severity Index as an outcome measure for insomnia research. Sleep Medicine, 2, 297-307.

The Sleep Disorders Symptom Checklist (SDS-CL: under development, please see reference)

  • Klingman, K. J. (2015). Evaluation of a sleep disorders screening questionnaire for primary care of adults (Doctoral dissertation, STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK AT BUFFALO).